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Heiko
Gast
14.01.04 um 20:19:15
 
Hallo,

folgendes berichtete der Radiosender DVB heute:

Burmese sea-gypsies forced to live on land for tourists

General Khin Nyunt, the Prime Minister of Burma’s military junta, State Peace and Development Council (SPDC) visited and ‘inspected’ Salon sea-gypsy villages on 12 January for the benefits of tourists.

The visit was arranged before the coming Salon sea-gypsy festival which many foreign tourists are expected to turn up.

Burmese soldiers from local naval bases forced the Salons, who normally live on boats in the deep sea, to live on land in ‘human zoos’ so that the junta could charge tourists money.

The Salons (generally known as Mokens) who were arrested and forced to give up life on sea were sent to Nyaughwi, Lanpi, Kyuntale and Phila islands.

They are finding it hard to survive on land as they have neither have the experience of foraging in the jungles nor settling down on land.

Source: Democratic Voice of Burma, Oslo, in Burmese 1430 gmt 13 Jan 04
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Matzchik
Gast
Antwort #1 - 15.01.04 um 01:09:22
 
Hallo Heiko,
macht das Sinn??
Wenn ich einige Jahre zurückdenke (an die Räumung der Ansiedlung in Bagan), dann tendiert die Militärregierung doch eher dazu, die örtlichen Bewohner für die Touristen von den Sehenswürdigkeiten "wegzuräumen". Und nun sollen Menschen, die ja, je unzufriedener umso mehr, ein gewisses "Sicherheitsrisiko" für die Militärs darstellen, extra für die Touris "ausgestellt" werden? Hmmm, irgendwie hört sich das für mich wie eine Ente an. Was denkst du?
Gruß, Matzchik
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Heiko
Gast
Antwort #2 - 15.01.04 um 13:12:24
 
Hallo,

Sea-Gypsies sind Seenomaden. Eine extrem kleine und sehr schwache ethnische Gruppe in Burma. Sie haben keine Organisation hinter sich und haben bislang recht autonom auf Booten an der Küste vom südlichen Burma gelebt. Sie stellen überhaupt keine Bedrohung für das Militär dar und sind aus dem touristischen Verständnis des Militärs ideal für "Menschenzoos" genauso wie die Padaung (Giraffenfrauen). Und mit Menschenzoos hat das Militär bekanntlich seine Erfahrungen.
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Heiko
Gast
Antwort #3 - 28.01.04 um 13:40:53
 
Hallo,

wer mehr über diese Seenomaden erfahren möchte:
http://www.smh.com.au/cgi-bin/common/popupPrintArticle.pl?path=/articles/2004/01...
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Heiko
Gast
Antwort #4 - 11.02.04 um 21:46:15
 
Seenomaden für Touristen gefangen genommen:

DVB, 11.02.2004

Burmese authorities rounding up sea gypsies for show

The local authorities of Burma’s military junta, State Peace and Development Council (SPDC) are rounding up and arresting sea gypsies, the Salons (Mokens) in southern Burma to make them partake in a sea gypsy festival starting on 14 February.

On 9 February, 12 Salons escaped from their native islands in Kawthaung Township, Tennesserim Division and fled to nearby Ranong in Thailand.

According to them, the Burmese authorities are arresting and detaining 5 young Salons on each island and force them to perform traditional dances for tourists. The Salon women were also treated with disrespect by the soldiers who arrested them.

According to the latest report, the Thai authorities have sent the escaped Salons back into Burma waters on 10 February and they are in danger of being arrested and tortured by Burmese authorities.

Source: Democratic Voice of Burma, Oslo, in Burmese 1430 gmt 10 Feb 04
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Heiko
Gast
Antwort #5 - 17.02.04 um 14:08:52
 
The Irrawaddy (http://www.irrawaddy.org/news/#thi)

Thirty-Seven Killed At Sea

By Naw Seng

February 17, 2004—A boat accident near the Mergui Archipelago in southern Burma killed 37 passengers early yesterday morning. The boat was en route to a Salone, or sea gypsy, festival organized by Burma’s tourism authority.

The boat sank in an undisclosed location in the Andaman Sea near Lampi Island, about 400 miles southeast of Rangoon. It departed from Bokpyin, a mainland town in Tenasserim Division inhabited by Burmese.

U Shein, a Burmese villager from Bokpyin, told The Irrawaddy via mobile telephone that nine of the 46 people on board the sunken vessel were rescued. The rest are missing and assumed dead. He said the majority of the passengers were women and children.

The Salone Festival began on Feb 14 and closed today. It was held at Makyone Galet village on Bocho Island, near the accident site.

Mergui Archipelago is comprised of over 800 islands inhabited only by Salone, or sea gypsies. The residents live on boats during dry season and remain on land during rainy season. Salone practice centuries-old fishing and boat building techniques and live only along Burma’s Andaman coast.

Burma’s Hotels and Tourism Ministry and local tour companies, including Shambhala Tours Co, Ltd, organized the festival, which aimed to attract international tourists and operators of marine eco-tourism trips to the Mergui Archipelago. A staff member of Shambhala Tours said it brought 83 foreigners to the festival via Rangoon and Ranong, a Thai town near the Burma border.

Sea gypsies were rounded up and detained on designated islands by Burmese soldiers who forced them to perform for tourists, said U Shein. Burmese from elsewhere on the Andaman Coast, such as those killed in the boating accident, were told by authorities to attend the festival to bolster audience numbers, he added.

Over 250 Burmese and foreigners were aboard a Chindwin cruise liner, which visited the festival on Feb 14 as part of a tourism promotion by the Hotels and Tourism Ministry, according to the state-run newspaper The New Light of Myanmar.
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Heiko
Gast
Antwort #6 - 22.02.04 um 14:01:54
 
Burmese villagers robbed by uniformed dacoits

A group of Burmese villagers who were forced to attend the Salon (Moken) sea gypsy festival at Lampi Island, Mergui Archipelago, Kawthaung Township in southern Burma were robbed by a group of uniformed dacoits in early 19 February.

Seven uniformed dacoits armed with standard Burma army weapons including carbines, G3 and G4 assault rifles, believed to be Burmese soldiers opened fire on the boat carrying seven passengers including four women and two children and robbed them.

Increasing numbers of Burmese soldiers are resorting to piracy and dacoity to feed their impoverished families while their commanders are getting richer with bribery and other underhanded means.

Before the festival, sea gypsies were rounded up and detained on designated islands by Burmese soldiers who forced them to perform for tourists, and the local Burmese living along the Andaman Coast were told by military authorities to attend the festival to bolster audience numbers.

Recently, a boat carrying passengers sunk on 16 February drowning at least five passengers who are mainly women and children. According to the locals, the accident occurred because greedy boat owners carried more passengers than the capacity of their boats.

Source: Democratic Voice of Burma, Oslo, in Burmese 1430 gmt 20 Feb 04
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